Paralysis by analysis is the root of all confusion. What exercises should I use: templates, models, block training, conjugate method, should I add in olympic weightlifting?
It happens to the best of us. We want things to be perfect and agonize over every detail. Then, before we know it, 3 hours have passed and we are more confused and somehow magically have less done than we started with.
Well, here are a few strategies to help you solve that problem, save you time and allow you to get back to getting jacked and tan.
1. Start With Why
Simon Sinek, author of the best selling book "Start With Why", explains the importance of knowing the "why" behind everything you're doing. Because being a strength coach is a relationship business first and foremost, it makes sense to build belief in the program:
"If you hire people just because they can do a job, they’ll work for your money. But if you hire people who believe what you believe, they’ll work for you with blood and sweat and tears."
The same goes for your athletes. You know that engaged athletes are the lifeblood of your program. If you can get them bought into the "why" of their training, you'll have a team of blood thristy athletes ready to beat down the doors every morning.
At the program design level, it seems so simple, but this is the place to start. Why am I doing this? What is my number one goal for this program? It is very difficult to set specific goals if we do not know our why.
2. Begin With The End In Mind - AKA Backwards Plan
Organize. Spend the time to write things down. What is your team size, skill level, training age, and how long do I have? Organizing these details will make your programs drastically more efficient so that when it comes time to put the rubber to the road, you have a clear path and know exactly who you will be working with. Once you know all of the stipulations of time, athletes, etc, then you can work backwards to start setting up an effective program. General to specific.
Example- I know I have 50 9th grade (13-14 year old) athletes, zero training experience for 1 hour, twice a week, for 8 weeks. I will then write out 8 weeks, 2 days (most likely two 4 week blocks). We don’t need to get fancy. They have no prior training experience, so we will stick to a linear progression and introduce basic lifts; two total body days a week. Great, whats next? Implement the exercises.
3. Fill the Big Buckets First
What are buckets? Think of a program as a table with a lot of buckets on it. There are many different types of buckets (ones with holes, big ones, small ones, etc.) Here is the catch: you only have a limited supply of water to fill them up. Which ones do you pick? You can only fill them up so far before it spills over and becomes a mess, so we must choose wisely. Now, relate this to a strength and conditioning program. An athlete can only handle so much intensity, volume and exercises before they get overwhelmed and exhausted (mentally and physically overflowing).
This is where we take a step back and analyze.There is no need to try to do everything. Pick what is really important. Basics are always important. These basics are the principles our programs should be based on. Do we have the basics covered: push, pull, hip hinge, squat, carry, and core? Only once the basics are established should we ever consider adding more. Cut out the excess.
We are not good coaches unless we can modify our plans.
After each session modify and make notes of what worked well and what did not. For example, did front loaded split squats crush every athlete? If that is the case, the next session, the athletes should move back to goblet squats to establish a stronger base. This still qualifies as a squat pattern and fills that bucket. You can not be afraid to make changes. If you get a flat tire you pull over and fix it so the car does not get damaged worse. If you see some problems with the program, stop and make a tweak so the athletes do not end up injured.
5. Find The Minimal Effective Dose
Less is more in regards to sets and repetitions. Remember that we only need to do enough to get the required response. If 3 sets of 5 gets our athletes stronger, then forget about the 5 sets of 5 until it is necessary. If we do more than is necessary, you are just digging a bigger recovery hole that the athletes are going to have to dig out of, thus making our programs less effective.
6. Plan for Recovery and Rest
You don’t get stronger from the workout, you get stronger from recovering from the workout. Have adequate rest between exercises and sets to allow the athletes to lift heavy loads. Don't go too high on the reps (1-5 is plenty). Now, I know you can still get strong at 6, 7, 8, 9 reps and more, but lets keep it simple and realize that one of the best and fastest ways to get strong is to lift heavy loads for low reps. We can all agree on that. To keep your athletes from just standing around between sets give them another exercise, or stretch, to keep them active and busy. For example, I will have my athletes do heavy squats paired with band pull aparts.
Recovery doesn't mean just in the weight room too. Educate athletes on sleep, nutrition and low level movements to recover.
7. Lift Heavy
(You're doing it right if you rip your pants)
It seems pretty obvious, but is often overlooked. You want to write better strength programs and get athletes strong right? Then make sure you have athletes lift heavy relative to them (their body weight, size, strength,etc.). Attack both strengths and weaknesses. Low sets and reps always seem to get the job done. I have seen it work a thousand times.
Keep It Simple, Get Results
To summarize, we always go back to the “keep is simple” method. Create a principle based system, analyze the system (did you fill the big buckets?) and then don’t be afraid to adapt and modify. There are many methods and systems that work. Use the one that best fits you, your staff and your athletes. Lift heavy, train strong.